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FIEM006.pdf

Article Title : An Empirical Study on the Income Stratification of Socio-economic Status, Environmental Awareness and Environmental Behavior of Urban Residents in China
Author(s) : Li Shi
Corresponding Author : Li Shi
Keywords : Socio-economic Status; Environmental Awareness; Environmental Protection; Chinese Urban Residents; Income Stratification.
PDF : http://download.BCPub.org/proceedings/2020/FIEM2020/FIEM006.pdf
Abstract

Nowadays, global environmental problems are increasingly serious. This study aims to explore the impact of socio-economic status and environmental awareness on environmental protection behavior of urban residents in China as well as its differences among different income groups. Based on the linear regression model and the post-estimate model of sheaf coefficients, the data given by China General Social Survey in 2013 was analyzed. The results found that more environmental protection behaviors are conducted with the increase of residents' income, and this relationship does not exist within each income class. Level of education and environmental protection knowledge are the main driving forces of environmental protection behaviors for higher income groups and lower income groups respectively. Besides, in terms of the behavior in private sphere, environmental awareness produces a greater impact than socioeconomic status for the low, middle-low, middle-high income groups while as for the behavior in public sphere, the impact of environmental awareness on both low- and high-income groups is stronger than that of socio-economic status. Concerning the class with middle income, however, the socio-economic status plays a more vital role. Hence, it is necessary to formulate policies to promote environmental protection behaviors in accordance with different individual conditions, giving play to people's subjectivity in the environmental management.

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