With the development of society and the progress of the times, the demand for talents is becoming more and more diversified. In today's society, what we need most would be not only skilled talents, but also artistic talents with comprehensive abilities. At present, the teaching of skills is often placed in an important position in art teaching, but the cultivation of students' art theory literacy is ignored. But the theory, as sublimation of art practice, is a necessary factor to promote students to go further. Therefore, we must pay enough attention to the teaching of art theory. Then this paper analyzes the problems existing in the teaching of art theory and finds out the corresponding countermeasures. Fine art is a kind of art, which helps to improve people's ideological accomplishment. However, many people are influenced by exam-oriented education, and take art as a shortcut to their goals. In addition to people’s ideological understanding, there are still many problems to be solved in teaching of art theory. As a art teacher, one should make an impact on promoting the development of art education as well as taking on the historical mission of promoting the faster development of the country's art education.